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Hi, I am Simran and I will be your virtual guide around the exhibition! Click on the blinking red dots found in this map of the exhibition to find out more information about the selected artefacts.

I will be asking you questions along the way! The answers to these questions can be found in our special exhibition gallery.
You're right!
The word “Punjab” literally means “Five Waters” (punj: five, aab: water) and it refers to the five major rivers that flow through the land.
You are right!
Honest living and service or charity are two of the three golden rules of the Sikh faith. How do you display these values in your life?

The third golden rule is Naam Japna (meditation or contemplation of the names of God)
You are right!
Visitors to the gurdwara need to keep their feet bare and head covered.
Kirpan is a small dagger kept by some Sikh men.
Amritdhari are Sikhs who are committed to strictly maintaining the five articles of faith, and undergo an initiation ceremony call Amrit Sanchar.
Keshdari are Sikhs who maintain unshorn hair but have not undertaken the Amrit ceremony.
Sahajdhari are Sikhs who adhere to the beliefs and practices of Sikhism but do not strictly maintain the articles of faith.
Painting of the court of Ranjit Singh. Punjab, 19ᵗʰ century.
Gouache on paper. On loan from Manraj S. Sekhon.
Let me share with you a little history of the Sikhs!

A long time ago, in the middle of the 18ᵗʰ century, a young man created the first Sikh Empire. His name was Ranjit Singh. He was proclaimed Maharaja of the Punjab region at the young age of 21! During his reign, Punjab’s army, economy, architecture, arts and craft flourished.

He was nicknamed the Lion of Punjab for his courage and bravery.

If you had to choose an animal that represents you and your values, what would it be and why? Share with your friends and family!

There are flowers, humans, animals, and geometric motifs on these unique textiles.
Istana was one of the buildings that were built with the labour of Indian convicts.
One needed to be under the age of 25, with a minimum height of 1.68 metres and a minimum chest measurement of 84cm!
Do you think it is easy for one to be a policeman? Why or why not? Share with your family and friends!
He is Mr Seva Singh Ghandarab.

Mr Terlochan Singh was a music teacher at the Singapore Sikh Education Foundation (SSEF). Besides nurturing the musical talent of SSEF students, he contributed greatly to SSEF, the Sikh Advisory Board and the Sikh community over the years. It is noteworthy that the Rabab instrument on display within the exhibition belonged to Mr Terlochan Singh.
Both are correct answers! Mr Seva Singh cared for his community and contributed to its betterment. He showed responsibility and fulfilled his duty to his community and nation!

Sikh Pioneers

Sikhs also found other forms of employment in Singapore. English-educated Sikhs were hired as clerks and court interpreters while others became private security guards or jagas. There were also dairy farmers, moneylenders, businessmen, teachers, doctors and many more!

Look around this section of the gallery to find out more about the Sikh pioneers in Singapore.
Pakkhi (hand fan) made by Amar Kaur, Singapore, 1960s.
Textile, wood and metal.
On loan from the family of Bihara Singh.
Sikh women made many contributions to their community too!

Although they were largely at home when they first arrived, Sikh women participated actively at gurdwaras and performed seva (service). They were also responsible for keeping alive Punjabi culture and heritage in Singapore, through crafts, food traditions, music, festive celebrations and more. Without them, many of our Sikh cultural traditions in Singapore may have been lost!

This pakkhi that you see here is an example of some of the beautiful handicrafts made by Sikh women. Many of these handicrafts were commonly used around the home.

The World Wars

Sikhs participated in the World Wars. Many suffered the violence of the wars and some of them found their way to Southeast Asia and Singapore to rebuild their lives.

At this time, many Sikhs who returned to Singapore, made it their permanent home.
You are right!
There are seven gurdwaras in Singapore today.


Thank you for coming on this journey with me, friend!
I hope you enjoyed what I have shared with you about my Sikh community’s history, heritage and culture.

I would love to know what you think about my virtual tour!

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